Introduction: Every nation has some achievements that they can take pride.Our language day is our national event and achievement.But the matter of pride for us is that this national event has crossed our national boundary and become universalized.The International Mother Language Day is the recognition of our language movement and the heroic sacrifices of the language martyrs by the international community.Now,after the recognition,our language day is observed globally as International Mother Language Day.
Language day: Historical background: February 21st is observed as the language day.This day is the culmination of a serious of protest and events that took place between 1948 and 1952.After the independence of Pakistan the ruling authority of west Pakistan recognized Urdu as the state language of Pakistan in 1948 and tired to impose it on the Bangla-speaking majority people.Not only that they also denied the demand of the Bangalis for the recognition of Bangla as the state language.
In 1952 protests erupted throughout East Pakistan against the imposition of Urdu and for the recognition of Bangla as the state language of Pakistan. The ruling authority imposed section 144 all over the country as the protest grew stronger. However,when students, politician and general masses brought out a procession in Dhaka University area defying the section 144,the police charged fire on the procession.As a result, Rafiq,Jabbar,Salam,Barkat;Shafiq met martyrdom. Finally,Bangla was recognized as the state language.Since then,the day is observed throughout the country with solemnity and due homage.
International Observance of the day: On 17 November 1999, UNESCO, a specialized organisation of United Nations (UN) recognized our language movement and sacrifices of the Martyrs.They declared that UNESCO would observe the day internationally.Since 2000, The International Mother Language Day is being observed all over the world.The recognition by the UNESCO and the observance of the day by the international community has increased our national glory and uplifted the sacrifices of our language martyrs.Through UNESCO recognition, our language day has got international status.
Significance of the recognition: The recognition of our language day and the proclamation of the observance of the day internationally is very significant.UNESCO’s recognition is not simply a recognition of our language movement, but it recognizes that is the birth right of every nation or race to speak in their own language.The proclamation also said that this recognition would help to preserve all the languages of the world and that diversity of languages is important to maintain cultural identity and distinction.
Importance of the day: Since 1952, the 21st February is observed as the language day in our country.We remember our martyrs,their sacrifices and pay homage to the heroic souls who laid down their lives for the cause of our mother tongue.We have erected monuments (known as Shahid Minar) in remembrance of them and on 21 February we offer flower wreaths and stand silent in honor of them.
However,the importance of 21st February and it’s observance lies elsewhere.It is a sows the seed of our liberation war.And importantly,the language movement teaches us that we have raise for achieving our rights, for establishing our place of honor and dignity in the world.it teaches us not to bow down to any oppression.It also inspires us to sacrifice our most treasured thing for sake of the country.So the importance of international Mother Language Day is very significant.
Conclusion: We are the only nation of the world to sacrifice lives for mother tongue.International Mother Language Day is a glorious recognition of our history and our achievement.international Mother language Day highlights the importance of linguistic identity.We are really proud that we have achieve something that has got global acceptance.